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Read e-book online A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology PDF

By Edwin A. Lyon

ISBN-10: 0817307915

ISBN-13: 9780817307912

Recipient of the 1994 Anne B. and James B. McMillan Prize

This entire research offers a historical past of latest Deal archaeology within the Southeast within the Nineteen Thirties and early Forties and makes a speciality of the initiatives of the Federal Emergency aid management, the Civil Works management, the Works development management, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the nationwide Park provider, and the Smithsonian Institution.

using basic resources together with correspondence and unpublished experiences, Lyon demonstrates the nice value of the recent Deal tasks within the heritage of southeastern and North American archaeology. New Deal archaeology remodeled the perform of archaeology within the Southeast and created the root for the self-discipline that exists this present day. With the present emphasis on curation and repatriation, archaeologists and historians will locate this quantity valuable in reconstructing the historical past of the initiatives that generated the numerous collections that now fill our museums.


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Extra info for A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology

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He found stamped or paddle-decorated surfaces in the east and north, while engraved and indented designs predominated in the west. He looked for evidence of relationships with Mesoamerica and the West Indies. While he found no sure connections, he saw similarities in pottery, stone, wood, and metal objects. ,,32 The Middle and Lower Mississippi Valley area impressed Holmes as more advanced than any north of Mexico. On the basis of what he termed extensive though scattered research, he concluded that Native American groups were sedentary, practiced agriculture, and constructed permanent domiciliary, religious, civic, defensive, and mortuary structures.

20 Southeastern Archaeology before the Depression Gates P. Thruston published Antiquities of Tennessee in 1890. In 1924 P. E. Cox, the state archaeologist, completed a preliminary survey of Wolf and Obed rivers in Pickett County. The Tennessee State Archaeological Society was organized in 1924 with a membership of approximately sixty. 65 The University of Texas worked in east Texas before the 1930s. James E. Pearce, the first chairman of the Department of Anthropology, had little training in archaeology but understood the importance of archaeology in Texas.

He briefly investigated the site in November 1931 until heavy rains ended work. For two months during the fall of 1932 Walker excavated what remained of the Troyville site after destruction of the largest mound. This site illustrates the fate of many important archaeological sites in the South. " 40 While northern museums were the primary supporters of southeastern archaeology, an amateur could still make an important contribution. A unique factor in southeastern archaeology in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century was Clarence B.

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A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology by Edwin A. Lyon

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