By Christian Fleck
From the start of the 20 th century, medical and social medical study has been characterised through highbrow alternate among Europe and the united states. The institution of the 3rd Reich ensured that, from the German talking international, at the very least, this grew to become a one-way site visitors. during this booklet Christian Fleck explores the discovery of empirical social study, which by means of 1950 had turn into the binding norm of foreign scholarship, and he analyses the contribution of German refugee social scientists to its institution. the most important names are right here, from Adorno and Horkheimer to Hirshman and Lazarsfeld, yet on the middle of the ebook is a different collective biography in response to unique facts from greater than 800 German-speaking social scientists. released in German in 2008 to nice acclaim, Fleck's very important examine of the transatlantic enrichment of the social sciences is now to be had in a revised English-language variation.
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Additional info for A Transatlantic History of the Social Sciences: Robber Barons, the Third Reich and the Invention of Empirical Social Research
These new innovations included features as diverse as the sabbatical with regular payment for university professors, paid work opportunities for graduates, departments and professional organizations that were more than intellectual debating societies, project-based organization of research and scholars who worked as experts in the new philanthropic foundations or acted as their advisors. These smaller or bigger innovations have as yet not been given much attention in the literature on the institutionalization of sociology, although there can be no doubt that they largely contributed to the success of the American world of science.
In the Teutonic model, one had to find a field and establish a monopoly on it, often in the form of a long-term solo editorial project. It is hardly surprising, then, that no other science culture has produced so many ‘complete works’ that were never really completed, even as new ones continued to be launched. This is the exact opposite of teamwork, as described in the foreword of Recent Social Trends of the United States: The investigators were recruited with the advice of officers of the Social Science Research Council, of universities and other scientific institutions.
Finally, it has to be emphasized that the United States was much quicker to adjust to new conditions, no doubt also because there was no central state relying on national legislation to control the intricately linked worlds of higher education and research. As a result, innovations were pitted against each other in a qualifying competition that produced the very diversity which, in turn, allowed others to adopt the most successful among them. One need not share the belief that the United States system of science has come up with an adequate solution for every problem.
A Transatlantic History of the Social Sciences: Robber Barons, the Third Reich and the Invention of Empirical Social Research by Christian Fleck