By H. C. Martin (auth.), Hans C. Martin (eds.)
Since the start of the 1980's, examine has endured to explain and enhance our figuring out of the problern of the ecological impression of acidic precipitation. From September 15-20, 1985, Canada convened the the Muskoka Symposium on Acidic Precipitation to check growth and support chart the course of destiny reports. The convention used to be held in primary Ontario, Canada, a sector of heavy sulphate deposition the place aquatic results are obvious. nearly seven-hundred humans attended, over 500 of whom have been study scientists. Over four hundred papers have been provided. approximately two hundred of the papers are integrated in those lawsuits, which tagether provide the current state-of-the-art of acid rain study. The convention serious about atmospheric technology and aquatic and terrestrial results. i've got made a few common observations on growth in clarifying concerns and linkages among those parts of analysis. Out status matters which require very much extra paintings are pointed out. those are my perspectives, inspired by means of own bias and restricted through my services. Atmospheric Seiences 3 features have been coated: dimension options, the particular degree ments, and source-receptor relationships.
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Additional resources for Acidic Precipitation: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Acidic Precipitation Muskoka, Ontario, September 15–20, 1985
The Swedish case study from 1972 (Anonymous, 1972) generated some major hypotheses including decreased forest growth with a decreased base saturation of soils as a result of the increased input of acidic compounds. The assumed effects, if any, should mainly be indirect ones through the soil. In particular, nutritional questions were discussed (Abrahamsen, 1980). , 1980; Popovic, 1980; Tamm, 1984; Tamm and Wiklander, 1980). The results from these ACIDIC DEPOSITION AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE FORESTS OF NORDIC EUROPE experiments have formed a solid base for our understanding and analysis of the long-term effects.
In addition, long-term experiments on artificial soil acidification and tree growth were established. Finnish research activities into the effects of air pollution on the forest environment started around 1970 (Havas, 1971; Huttunen, 1985). From the beginning the problem focussed around the effects of different types of industrial pollutants. In these ecophysiologically dominated works the interpretation of the nature of damage required a consideration of the interaction between natural and air pollution stress factors.
At present it must be concluded that insufficient work is done on forests in areas exposed to air pollution. More work is needed in order to examine these unexplained findings, including possible direct damage by gases and acid deposition on plant surfaces. Nordic Europe represents an area from high to low exposure of air pollutants. Areas of local influence occur. The vitality of the forest in terms of crown density (needle loss) of conifers over larger ACIDIC DEPOSITION AND ITS EFFECfS ON THE FORESTS OF NORDIC EUROPE 27 regions may vary mainly due to natural conditions such as drought and low temperature.
Acidic Precipitation: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Acidic Precipitation Muskoka, Ontario, September 15–20, 1985 by H. C. Martin (auth.), Hans C. Martin (eds.)